Qualifications and Application Procedures
for Domain Name Registrars
Taiwan Network Information Center
Guidelines for Authorization of Domain Name Registration Services
Promulgated July 28, 2000
Amended December 4, 2001
Amended May 15, 2003
Article 1, Bases of the Guidelines
These Guidelines are promulgated by Taiwan Network Information
Center (hereinafter referred to as "TWNIC") in accordance
with the "Guidelines for Administration of Domain Name Registrations"
to regulate related matters in authorizing Registrars to handle
applications for Domain Name registration.
Article 2, The terms as used in these Guidelines shall
have the following definitions:
1. Domain Name System, "DNS" in abbreviation: The system
in hierarchical tree structure, with a top-down authorization
control, enabling the reflection and conversion of Domain
Names to Internet Protocol Addresses and other data.
2. Registry: A juristic person of non-profit organization
participating in the administration of Internet Protocol Address
registrations or Domain Name registrations.
3. Registrar: A juristic person participating in the
registration services (of Domain Names) under the authorization
of a Registry.
Article 3, Scope of Authorized Services
1. Services regarding the Domain Name registration
as authorized to Registrars by TWNIC include services in the
application, correction, transfer, cancellation of Domain
Name registrations and necessary examinations.
2. TWNIC shall have the right to authorize a Registrar
to provide all or a part of the services as provided in the
preceding Paragraph 1, based on the conditions of such Registrar.
Article 4, Application for Authorization and Examination
1. In applying for being authorized as Registrar, the
candidate shall submit in accordance with these Guidelines
to TWNIC for examination a written proposal, attached with
related certificates, licenses and other required documents.
None shall provide services in the registration of Domain
Names before one's application is approved by TWNIC, has entered
into the "Domain Name Registrar Authorization Contract" (hereinafter
referred to as the "Contract") with TWNIC and has paid the
authorization fee and the annual maintenance fee pursuant
to Article 6 of these Guidelines.
2. The written proposal of the preceding Paragraph
1 shall include description of existing software, hardware
and equipments, human resources and management structure of
the candidate. To be authorized as a Registrar, a candidate
shall qualify all the requirements as provided in the "Qualification
of Domain Name Registrars" attached to these Guidelines.
3. The "Domain Name Committee" of TWNIC shall examine
on the written proposal as submitted by the candidate and
provide its opinions. Site investigation will be conducted
Article 5, Assessment of Registrars
1. TWNIC shall have the right to assess from time to
time the authorized Registrars at a random basis. If a Registrar
is found not qualified, TWNIC shall request the Registrar
to submit a proposal of correction and the Registrar shall
correct such non-qualification within thirty(30) days; Otherwise
TWNIC shall have the right to terminate its authorization
and request the Registrar to return all data relating to registrants
of Domain Names to TWNIC. TWNIC shall have the right to request
the Registrar to recover damages so caused, if any.
2. Assessment of Registrars shall be conducted in pursuant
to assessment policies to be promulgated announced by TWNIC
Article 6, Fee Collection
1. 1. An authorization fee and annual maintenance fees
(including software maintenance fee and technical service
fee) shall be payable by the Registrars based on the scope
of services as authorized to it. In addition, the Registrar
shall pay to TWNIC registration fees or maintenance fees calculated
according to the number of domain Domain Names registered
through such Registrar pursuant to the Contract. Such registration
fees or maintenance fees shall be calculated and paid collected
monthly. TWNIC shall have the right to enact fee collection
policies applicable to be applied to Registrars separately
according to their substancesconditions.
2. The Registrar shall collect Domain Name registration
fees (new registrants only) and maintenance fees from registrants
according to the fee schedules as announced by TWNIC. The
Registrar may apply fee schedules with a lower rate than that
announced by TWNIC.
3. No refund shall be allowed to the fees as provided
in Paragraph 1 of this Article 6 after such fees are collected;
Provided, however, that such fees may be refunded in ratio
without any interest to Registrars according to Paragraph
1 of Article 8.
Article 7, Term and Termination of Authorization
1. The effective term of the Contract shall be determined
mutually by the Registrar and TWNIC but shall not be longer
than two(2) years. The Contract may be renewed with the consent
of TWNIC three(3) months prior to its expiration. No renewal
shall be allowed for a term longer than two(2) years.
2. During the effective term of the authorization,
if the Registrar commits a material breach of the Contract
and fails to correct such breach before a deadline specified
by TWNIC, TWNIC shall have the right to terminate the authorization.
The Registrar shall recover TWNIC for its damages so caused.
Article 8, Interruption of Services
1. In case TWNIC decides to terminate its services
in the administration of Domain Name registrations for certain
reasons, it shall notify all Registrars at least six(6) months
before such termination and shall take all means provided
in the “Taiwan Network Information Center - Guidelines for
Administration of Domain Name Registrations”. In no case shall
TWNIC be responsible to Registrars and their registrants except
for those responsibilities as provided in said “Guidelines”.
2. In case the Registrar terminates its service in
the Domain Name registration under the consent of TWNIC, or
its authorization is terminated by TWNIC, the Registrar shall,
in accordance with TWNIC instruction, return to TWNIC, deliver
to a third party or allow TWNIC to take over all registration
information of its registrants. If the Registrar fails to
comply with TWNIC instruction, TWNIC shall have the right
to process at its own option and shall have the right to recover
any damage so caused from the Registrar.
3. The preceding Paragraph 2 shall apply mutates
mutandis to the situation where the services of the Registrar
is interrupted for fourteen(14) days without a reasonable
Article 9, Amendments
These Guidelines shall be
effective after they are passed by the Domain Name Committee of
TWNIC and announced by TWNIC. Same rule shall apply to their
Attachment: Qualification of Domain Name
Candidates of Domain Name Registrars shall
qualify the following requirements:
Registrar shall be a company duly incorporated under the competent
laws and having a paid-in capital of at least New Taiwan Dollars
10,000,000, or a juristic person or institute such as association
of enterprises, association of common interests, academic
association etc., duly established under the competent laws and
having a business related to Internet services.
If a candidate is an incorporated juristic person, its director,
auditor, manager or shareholder with least 5% of issued shares
shall not commit any of Items 1 to 5 of Article 30, the Company
Law of Taiwan, the Republic of China.
3. A Registrar
shall provide registrants a 24-hour, stable and real-time
registration service system. Such system shall include a server, a
software platform (including operation system, database and
necessary related application software), a networking system,
broadband and other equipments as TWNIC deems
4. A Registrar shall provide a security
system to ensure that data of registrants shall not be stolen,
misappropriated, disclosed, damaged, changed or otherwise
hazarded. Such system shall include a substantial security
measurements such as access control, fire-fighting and security
systems, and information security hardware and software system,
such as firewall, backup power and related
5. A Registrar shall maintain a proper
number of technicians to conduct 24-hour, whole day monitoring of
Domain Name registrations and correct and enhance system software
from time to time in compliance with the requirements of
6. A Registrar shall maintain a sufficient
number of service staffs to provide 24-hour, whole day services in
helping registrants to solve all kinds of problems. If necessary
TWNIC shall have the right to request the Registrar to modify its
service system, such that service quality may be
7. A Registrar shall hire marketing and public relations
staff to conduct promotions of Domain Name registrations in
cooperation with TWNIC.
In case of any discrepancy between this translation and the
original Chinese text, the Chinese text shall govern. Terms
in this translation expressed in the singular should be construed
as also including the plural, and vice versa.